September 11, 2021 6:04 pm

History Of Urdu Language

The phrase ‘ Urdu ‘ is derived from Turkish word ‘ Ordu ‘ that means ‘ Army Camp ‘ or ‘Lashkar ‘ . Exact foundation of ‘ Urdu ‘ is a few what hard to trace; but many extraordinary theories were developed to explain it. Mohammad Hussain Azad, an eminent Indian scholar, believes that Brij Bhasha, a dialect of Western Hindi, is the mom language of Urdu. Later on the invasion of Delhi via Muslims engrafted love poetry in urdu many Persian elements, which resulted in the creation of a new hybrid language known as Urdu.
Mehmud Sherani, at the contrary, continues that Urdu language originated because of the interaction and intermixing of Muslim squaddies and locals (Hindus) after the conquest of Punjab and sindh by using Mehmud of Ghazni. During this period many Punjabi phrases and idioms were given interwoven in Hindi of Delhi and hence a new language got here into being.
But the most hooked up theory relating the origination, evolution and development of Urdu language is that Urdu is a conglomeration of many distinct languages manly Arabic, Persian, Pashtu, Turkish, Hindi and some nearby dialects of India. Muslims dominated over India for about 1,000 years. Muslim military comprised of soldiers of different origins and nationalities speakme exceptional languages. Interaction among those infantrymen and with the locals brought about the development of a brand new language, at the same time understood through all. This new language named as ‘ Urdu ‘ proved to be a unifying communique tool among the Muslim squaddies throughout their conquest of historic India (consisting of Mayanmar).
Languages do not originate overnight, they take centuries to evolve and expand, further it took approximately 5 to 6 centuries to standardize grammatical shape of urdu. Origin of Urdu is traced returned to the mid of 10th and beginning of 11th century, but those had been the formative years of Urdu language and no considerable either literary or grammatical work was accomplished at some stage in this era; inside the initial years of its delivery it changed into only used as a communique lingo. This hybrid language became known as ‘ Hindvi ‘ or ‘ Dehlvi ‘ and was written in ‘ Devnagri ‘ Script. Later on in 14th century this language was introduced in Southern India (Hyderabad Deccan), right here additionally the vocabulary of hindvi elevated many phrases and idioms of nearby languages were embedded. People begin calling this new version of language spoken in Southern India as ‘ Deccani ‘ . The growth of vocabulary endured and it modified from ‘ Deccani ‘ to ‘ Rekhta ‘ , and this Rekhta is believed to be the forerunner of current Urdu language. The standardization of Rekhta(Urdu) befell in 16th and 17th century at some point of the reign of Shah Jehan and Aurangzeb Alamgir, when artificial character of Urdu obtained a complete shape and extra content and strength.
Like maximum different languages of the sector, Urdu additionally commenced its literature through poetry.
Amir Khusro(1253-1325) a superb pupil of Persian and Arabic is taken into consideration to be the first ever poet of urdu language. He composed his poems in the then prevailing ‘ Hindvi ‘ language. Wali Deccani (1635-1707) and Quli Qutab Shah are believed to be the predecessors of Amir Khusro. Other eminent poets of this period were
Mir Taqi Mir(1727-1810)
Mushafi(1750-1785)
Mir Dard(1720-1785)
Qaim Chand Puri(1724-1794)
Haider Ali Atish(1778-1846)
Ustad Zauk
Mir Babr Ali Anis(1802-74)
Mirza Asad Ullah Khan Galib(1797-1869) is the greatest poet of urdu language .
He changed into a specialised Ghazal poet and his paintings is still famous some of the masses.
Urdu poetry did not take his final shape until 17th century whilst it become declared the authentic language of court. The 18th century noticed a phenomenal upward push in urdu literature in particular urdu poetry. It become right now while Urdu replaced Persian as lingua franca of the place.
Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar is also noticeably esteemed amongst urdu poets because of his unique style. Amongst the poets of 19th century Allama Mohamad Iqbal(1877-1938) sticks out, because he was the primary one who brought progressive ideas and ideas in his poetry. Faiz Ahmad Faiz is the maximum famous and an prominent poet of current technology. His work revolves across the ideas of communism and social justice. Beside others Sufi Saints have additionally contributed a lot in Urdu poetry.
The brief story in Urdu started out with Munshi Premchand ‘ s ‘ Soz-e-Vatan ‘ . Mohammad Hasan Askari, Sajjad Zaheer, Rajinder Singh Bedi, Krishan Chandar, Saddat Hassan Manto, Ismat Chugtaii, Mumtaz Muffati, Ahmad Nadeem Qasmi and Ashafaq Ahmad are counted amongst leading lighting fixtures of Urdu brief tale.
Novel writing in Urdu may be traced to Nazir Ahmed (1836-1912 CE) who composed numerous novels like Mirat-ul-Urus (1869 CE), Banat-un-Nash (1873 CE), Taubat-un-Nasuh (1877 CE) and so on. Realism in urdu novel become introduced through PremChand. Mirza Mohamad Hadi Ruswa, Sajjad Haider Yaldrem, Niaz Fateh Puri, Abdul Haleem Sharar, Ratan Nath Sharshar are the pioneer Urdu novelists. Khadija mastur, Intizar Hussain, Bano Qudssiya, Aziz Ahmed are the urdu novel writers of modern times.
Akbar Allahabadi (1846-1921) was the pioneer a few of the Urdu humorists and satirists. Majeed Lahori, Mehdi Ali Khan, Patras Bokhari (1898-1958), Mirza Farhatullah Beg, Shafiq-ur-Rahman, Azim Baig Chughtai, Ibn-e-Insha, Mushfiq Khwaja, Mushtaq Ahmed Yousifi, K.L.Kapur, Amjad Hussain, Mujtaba Hussain, Himayatullah and Talib Khundmeri are the alternative leading names within the field of humour
In the primary 1/2 of the 19th century, drama commenced performing at Urdu scene. The first dramatist is believed to be Amant Lucknowi, and his drama Indar Sabha is considered because the first Urdu drama. Urdu drama has made a whole lot of progress in latest years. Imtiaz Ali Taj, Agha Hashar Kashmiri, Amjad Islam Amjad, Haseena Moin, Fatim Suriya Bajiha are the most outstanding play writers of present day.
The phrase ‘ Urdu ‘ is derived from Turkish word ‘ Ordu ‘ that means ‘ Army Camp ‘ or ‘Lashkar ‘ . Exact starting place of ‘ Urdu ‘ is some what tough to hint; but many special theories were evolved to provide an explanation for it. Mohammad Hussain Azad, an eminent Indian pupil, believes that Brij Bhasha, a dialect of Western Hindi, is the mom language of Urdu. Later on the invasion of Delhi via Muslims engrafted many Persian elements, which resulted within the introduction of a brand new hybrid language known as Urdu. Mehmud Sherani, on the contrary, maintains that Urdu language originated due to the interaction and intermixing of Muslim infantrymen and locals (Hindus) after the conquest of Punjab and sindh by Mehmud of Ghazni. During this period many Punjabi phrases and idioms got interwoven in Hindi of Delhi and therefore a new language came into being. But the most installed concept pertaining to the origination, evolution and development of Urdu language is that Urdu is a conglomeration of many distinctive languages manly Arabic, Persian, Pashtu, Turkish, Hindi and a few local dialects of India. Muslims dominated over India for about 1,000 years. Muslim military produced from squaddies of various origins and nationalities talking distinct languages. Interaction among those soldiers and with the locals brought about the development of a new language, jointly understood with the aid of all. This new language named as ‘ Urdu ‘ proved to be a unifying communique device among the Muslim squaddies at some stage in their conquest of historic India (which include Mayanmar). Languages do no longer originate in a single day, they take centuries to evolve and increase, in addition it took approximately five to six centuries to standardize grammatical shape of urdu. Origin of Urdu is traced returned to the mid of tenth and beginning of 11th century, however those had been the formative years of Urdu language and no good sized both literary or grammatical work become completed throughout this period; in the initial years of its birth it changed into simplest used as a conversation lingo. This hybrid language was called ‘ Hindvi ‘ or ‘ Dehlvi ‘ and become written in ‘ Devnagri ‘ Script. Later on in 14th century this language became brought in Southern India (Hyderabad Deccan), right here also the vocabulary of hindvi improved many phrases and idioms of neighborhood languages had been embedded. People start calling this new version of language spoken in Southern India as ‘ Deccani ‘ . The enlargement of vocabulary continued and it changed from ‘ Deccani ‘ to ‘ Rekhta ‘ , and this Rekhta is believed to be the forerunner of contemporary Urdu language. The standardization of Rekhta(Urdu) passed off in sixteenth and seventeenth century at some stage in the reign of Shah Jehan and Aurangzeb Alamgir, while synthetic individual of Urdu received a whole form and greater content material and energy. Like most different languages of the world, Urdu additionally started out its literature through poetry.
Amir Khusro(1253-1325) a top notch pupil of Persian and Arabic is considered to be the first ever poet of urdu language. He composed his poems in the then winning ‘ Hindvi ‘ language. Wali Deccani (1635-1707) and Quli Qutab Shah are believed to be the predecessors of Amir Khusro. Other eminent poets of this period wereMir Taqi Mir(1727-1810)Mushafi(1750-1785)Mir Dard(1720-1785)Qaim Chand Puri(1724-1794)Haider Ali Atish(1778-1846)Ustad ZaukMir Babr Ali Anis(1802-seventy four)Mirza Asad Ullah Khan Galib(1797-1869) is the greatest poet of urdu language . He was a specialised Ghazal poet and his work is still popular a few of the masses.Urdu poetry did not take his final form until 17th century whilst it turned into declared the authentic language of courtroom.
The 18th century noticed a phenomenal rise in urdu literature especially urdu poetry. It turned into right now while Urdu changed Persian as lingua franca of the area. Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar is likewise pretty esteemed among urdu poets because of his specific fashion. Amongst the poets of nineteenth century Allama Mohamad Iqbal(1877-1938) stands proud, due to the fact he turned into the primary person who delivered modern ideas and thoughts in his poetry. Faiz Ahmad Faiz is the maximum well-known and an outstanding poet of modern-day technology. His paintings revolves around the principles of communism and social justice. Beside others Sufi Saints have additionally contributed loads in Urdu poetry. The quick tale in Urdu commenced with Munshi Premchand ‘ s ‘ Soz-e-Vatan ‘ . Mohammad Hasan Askari, Sajjad Zaheer, Rajinder Singh Bedi, Krishan Chandar, Saddat Hassan Manto, Ismat Chugtaii, Mumtaz Muffati, Ahmad Nadeem Qasmi and Ashafaq Ahmad are counted among leading lighting of Urdu quick tale. Novel writing in Urdu may be traced to Nazir Ahmed (1836-1912 CE) who composed several novels like Mirat-ul-Urus (1869 CE), Banat-un-Nash (1873 CE), Taubat-un-Nasuh (1877 CE) and many others.
Realism in urdu novel was added with the aid of PremChand. Mirza Mohamad Hadi Ruswa, Sajjad Haider Yaldrem, Niaz Fateh Puri, Abdul Haleem Sharar, Ratan Nath Sharshar are the pioneer Urdu novelists. Khadija mastur, Intizar Hussain, Bano Qudssiya, Aziz Ahmed are the urdu novel writers of present day instances. Akbar Allahabadi (1846-1921) was the pioneer the various Urdu humorists and satirists. Majeed Lahori, Mehdi Ali Khan, Patras Bokhari (1898-1958), Mirza Farhatullah Beg, Shafiq-ur-Rahman, Azim Baig Chughtai, Ibn-e-Insha, Mushfiq Khwaja, Mushtaq Ahmed Yousifi, K.L.Kapur, Amjad Hussain, Mujtaba Hussain, Himayatullah and Talib Khundmeri are the alternative main names in the field of humour In the primary 1/2 of the nineteenth century, drama began performing at Urdu scene. The first dramatist is thought to be Amant Lucknowi, and his drama Indar Sabha is considered as the first Urdu drama. Urdu drama has made a number of progress in current years. Imtiaz Ali Taj, Agha Hashar Kashmiri, Amjad Islam Amjad, Haseena Moin, Fatim Suriya Bajiha are the maximum prominent play writers of modern-day.

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